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Vitamin D Deficiency And Opioid Addiction




It isn’t “new news” that we are in full-blown blown mode when it comes to opioid addiction in this country. In 2019, nearly 50,000 people in the US alone died from overdoses involving opioids. 

And, in regards to a seemingly unrelated topic, studies show that more than 40% of adults in the US are deficient in vitamin D. 

So then, if it’s an unrelated topic, why mention vitamin D deficiency alongside the opioid crisis that is plaguing the US? 

It turns out there may be a correlation between the two! 

Yes, recent studies have revealed a potential link between vitamin D deficiencies and opioid addiction. 

And, this doesn’t just affect those addicted to opioids either! 

According to the study, which we’ll detail below, being deficient in vitamin D could mean that opioids (yes, even those you may receive after an operation) have a greater effect on you altogether, potentially putting you at a greater risk of addiction.

So then, let’s take a look at this recently found link…

Vitamin D: Daily Intake And Deficiency 

Before detailing the research, let’s first take a look at vitamin D…

Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays an important role in maintaining the health of your body. 

It’s primary role is in helping your body to absorb calcium, which is essential for removing mineralized bone and forming healthy, strong bones. In a similar way, vitamin D also keeps your teeth healthy, aiding in remineralization. 

This vitamin has also been shown to increase muscle strength, help to fight against depression, and even boost weight loss. 

And, vitamin D plays an essential role in keeping your immune system functioning properly. 

Ways To Boost Vitamin D Levels

So then, where is vitamin D found? 

Unlike some vitamins and minerals, your body can’t make vitamin D on its own. 

Therefore, the best way to boost vitamin D levels is through exposure to the sun. 

Thus, you may have heard vitamin D referred to as the “sunshine vitamin,” due to the fact that exposure to sunlight allows your skin to produce it. 

The experts recommend getting 10-30 minutes of midday sun exposure multiple times per week, and this amount increases if you have darker skin. 

Minus sunlight, you can get vitamin D through supplementation and in some foods. 

The following foods contain vitamin D or are fortified with vitamin D: 

  • salmon
  • tuna
  • sardines
  • mackerel
  • beef liver
  • egg yolk
  • mushrooms 
  • cereal (fortified)
  • yogurt (fortified)
  • orange juice (fortified)
  • milk (fortified)

And, you can also get vitamin D safely, and easily, from supplements.

Vitamin D Deficiency

If you weren’t receiving adequate vitamin D from the sun, foods, or supplements, how would you even know? 

First, if you live in an area with limited hours of sunlight each day (northern and southernmost areas of our globe), you may not have ample opportunities to receive vitamin D from the sun. 

Likewise, if you spend most of your time indoors, live in an area with a great amount of pollution (smog), or use sunscreen each time you go outdoors, you may not be receiving adequate sunlight for your body to produce vitamin D. 

Other factors like obesity and age also play a role in insufficient vitamin D levels. 

If your body does not have adequate levels of vitamin D, you may experience…

  • Depression
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue
  • Bone and muscle aches/problems
  • Greater risk of injury (bone and muscle)
  • Low immunity

Vitamin D Deficiency And Opioid Addiction According To The Research 

For many years, scientists have known vitamin D deficiency could contribute to poor bone and teeth health as well as susceptibility to certain diseases, but recent findings show a link to other concerns as well. 

And, it’s this connection to these concerns that could result in a win in the battle against opioid addiction! 

Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have discovered that vitamin D deficiency was responsible for greatly exaggerated cravings both for opioids and their effects. These cravings, of course, pose a greater risk for potential opioid dependence and addiction in those individuals who are deficient in the vitamin. 

The lead author of this study explained that their goal was to understand the link between vitamin D signalling within the body and UV and opioid-seeking behaviors. 

But, where did this theory originate? 

First, a previous study revealed a link between UVB exposure and the production of endorphins (which are chemically related to morphine, heroin, and other opioids, all activating the same receptors within the brain). 

Endorphins are often known as the “feel good hormones” as they create a sense of happiness, mimicking the “high” often associated with opioid use. 

Secondly, other studies conducted in mice showed a direct link between increased UV exposure and increased levels of endorphins, these increases resulting in behaviors consistent with opioid addiction. 

And, other research centered around this matter showed a connection between the urge to sunbathe or even visit a tanning salon and the behaviors of opioid addicts, leading to the hypothesis that these individuals are seeking out UVB rays in response to a craving for the “rush” or sense of happiness typically associated with endorphins. 

The conclusion? Both humans and animals alike are drawn to the sun (exposure) when deficient in vitamin D, so much so, that deficiencies in the vitamin can lead to addictive types of behavior. 

Thus, the ultimate theory: vitamin D deficiency could potentially lead individuals to being more sensitive to the effects of opioids, contributing to addiction. 

So then, what did the study at Massachusetts General reveal?

In one part of the study, researchers evaluated normal mice and those deficient in vitamin D. The results here showed that adjusting vitamin D levels changed addictive behaviors to both opioids and UVB rays as well. 

The study also revealed that morphine (an opioid) had an exaggerated response in mice that were deficient in vitamin D. 

After seeing such results, one researcher on the team, Dr. Fisher, noted the following concern: “consider a surgery patient who receives morphine for pain control after the operation. If that patient is deficient in vitamin D, the euphoric effects of morphine could be exaggerated, and that person is more likely to become addicted.” 

The following analyses of human health records support the conclusion of the research done at Massachusetts General, suggesting the same link between vitamin D deficiency and increased addictive behaviors:

  • Patients with moderately low vitamin D levels were 50% more likely than those patients with normal levels to use opioids. 
  • Patients with severely low vitamin D levels were 90% more likely than those patients with normal levels to use opioids. 
  • Patients diagnosed with opioid use disorder were more likely than other patients to be deficient in vitamin D. 

Furthermore, the study done at Massachusetts General also found, in mice, that when vitamin D deficiencies were corrected, the participants responses to opioids were likewise corrected, returning to normal. 

In the battle against opioid addiction, these findings could be huge! Could it be that addressing vitamin D deficiency is the answer to the opioid crisis plaguing America?  

While such a claim is still early in its notion of validity, the notion appears to be promising nonetheless!

It is, however, important to note that a visit to your doctor is necessary for determining whether or not you are deficient in vitamin D. 

*And, as always, please seek help if you are struggling with opioid addiction (simply seeking to increase vitamin D levels on your own, without the aid of a physician to evaluate your case, is not advised).

Are YOU a victim of this deficiency? (affects 75-90% of Americans)

Let me ask you a question…

Do you feel achy?

Are you tired in the morning – even after a good night’s sleep?

Do you have skin problems – like irritability or blemishes on your face?

Do you feel under the weather more than once a year?

If you answered “yes” to one of those questions…

And especially if you answered “yes” to two or more…

You’re likely deficient in Vitamin D.

The International Society for Densitometry calls it, “The Silent Epidemic,” and some experts estimate that as high as 75-90% of Americans suffer from it. 

And the scary part? Most people have NO IDEA and brush off those symptoms as a “normal” part of getting older.

You see, Vitamin D helps your body stay healthy as you age. 

It works as a powerful antioxidant, helps control irritation, and – most importantly – supports optimal immune system function. 

Meaning, if you’re deficient in vitamin D, and there’s a strong chance that your immune system may be undermined… This could take a toll on your overall well-being.

Luckily, there’s good news…Because there’s an easy way to protect yourself…

And it starts with taking Vitamin D every single morning.

But not just any type of vitamin D…

You need an ultra-potent form – a kind that’s easily digested by your body.

Otherwise, you won’t get the best results.

If you want powerful support for your immune system, click here now for the solution.


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Exploring the Role of the Health Belief Model in Preventative Health Behaviors



Preventative health behaviors are essential for maintaining overall well-being and preventing the onset of various illnesses and diseases. One model that has been widely used to explain and promote these behaviors is the Health Belief Model (HBM). The HBM is a psychological model that was originally developed in the 1950s by social psychologists Hochbaum, Rosenstock, and Kegels. It aims to explain and predict health behaviors by taking into account individual beliefs and perceptions.

The HBM is based on the premise that individuals are more likely to take action to prevent or control a health issue if they believe that they are susceptible to the issue, that it is severe, that taking action will be beneficial, and that they are capable of taking the necessary steps. These four key elements are known as perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers, respectively.

Perceived susceptibility refers to an individual’s belief about their personal risk of developing a particular health issue. For example, someone who believes that they are at high risk of developing heart disease may be more likely to engage in preventative behaviors such as exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet.

Perceived severity is the individual’s belief about the seriousness of the health issue. If someone believes that the consequences of not taking action to prevent a particular health issue are severe, they may be more motivated to engage in preventative behaviors.

Perceived benefits refer to the individual’s belief that taking action to prevent or control the health issue will be effective in reducing the risk. If someone believes that exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet will help to lower their risk of developing heart disease, they may be more likely to engage in these behaviors.

Perceived barriers are the obstacles that may prevent an individual from taking action to prevent or control a health issue. These barriers may be financial, logistical, or psychological. For example, someone may be deterred from exercising regularly due to a lack of time or access to a gym.

The HBM has been applied to a wide range of preventative health behaviors, including cancer screenings, vaccinations, and healthy lifestyle choices. Research has shown that individuals who have higher levels of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and lower levels of barriers are more likely to engage in preventative health behaviors.

Healthcare providers and public health professionals can use the HBM to design interventions and communication strategies that promote preventative health behaviors. By addressing and changing individuals’ beliefs and perceptions, these interventions can help to increase motivation and enable people to take action to protect their health.

In conclusion, the Health Belief Model is a valuable framework for understanding and promoting preventative health behaviors. By considering individuals’ beliefs and perceptions about their health, healthcare providers can design effective interventions that motivate and empower people to take control of their well-being. The HBM plays a crucial role in shaping public health strategies and encouraging individuals to adopt healthy lifestyles to prevent the onset of diseases and illnesses.

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How to Perform CPR Fast and Effectively




( – EVERYONE HAS SEEN THE tense moments in movies where someone collapses, and someone else dashes to the scene to begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

One crucial action, such as retrieving an automated external defibrillator (AED), can make the difference between life and death. This action is typically not given much emphasis.

Follow these life-saving steps immediately:

Step 1: Check the Scene

Check to see if the person is alright by tapping them and asking if there are any chemical spills or downed electrical lines.

Step 2: Check for Breathing

Proceed to the next step immediately if they are not breathing or are only sometimes gasping for air.

Step 3: Call 911 and Grab the AED

Tell anyone close to perform these actions so that you can start CPR. Gordon Tomaselli, M.D., a former president of the American Heart Association, advises skipping the AED and beginning compressions as soon as possible if you have to search for the device that shocks the heart back into rhythm.

Step 4: Start CPR

Use the AED first if it’s nearby: When an AED shock is administered within the first minute of a cardiac arrest, nine out of ten victims survive. Perform chest compressions until aid comes if an AED is not available.

Compressions can increase the chances of survival by two or three times if performed in the first few minutes after cardiac arrest.

How to Do Chest Compressions: Place the heel of one hand in the center of the chest, precisely at the nipple line, while kneeling next to the individual to perform chest compressions.

Put the other one on top of the initial one. Put your fingers together. Locked elbows, apply force quickly. Compress between 100 and 120 times per minute; this is the beat of “Stayin’ Alive.”

Each time, delve two inches deeper.

Step 5: Follow the AED’s Instructions

The AED’s audio instructions walk you through every stage of using it after you turn it on. All you have to do is listen and answer. The instructions will tell you how to position the electrode pads and whether you should click the button to shock someone.

They also recommend restarting CPR if a shock is ineffective.

Step 6: Continue CPR

Hands-only CPR is equally successful in the initial minutes following cardiac arrest in adults and teenagers as it is when combined with rescue breathing.

Continue until your breathing returns, assistance comes, or you cannot continue.

If you are faced with a situation where someone near you requires CPR, follow the step-by-step guide below to potentially save a life.

Copyright 2024.

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Your 4-Week Plan for Better Mental Wellness




( – Everything in your day to day and your life is impacted by your mental health. There are other options outside therapy, medication, and even meditation to maximize it.

You can do many little things to improve your mental health, remove obstacles in your path, and achieve your life goals.

Being happy with your mental health does not imply that you never experience terrible days. It means you can handle those days with more extraordinary fortitude and less effort.

And perhaps you can figure out how to prepare yourself for even fewer of them down the road.

This four-week strategy helps you do things differently, think outside the box, overcome obstacles, and feel joy and amazement. In essence, it improves your mental health.

Week 1: Take a Breather

Day 1: Pause for a Minute

Take a moment to ground yourself by noticing 5 things you can see, 4 you can touch, 3 you can hear, 2 you can smell, and 1 you can taste.

Day 2: Focus on Your Breath

Practice 4-7-8 breathing: inhale for 4 seconds, hold for 7, and exhale for 8. Repeat a few times to relax.

Day 3: Let Your Mind Wander

Sit quietly without distractions, allowing your mind to relax and think positively, boosting creativity and mood.

Day 4: Embrace JOMO

Limit social media use and enjoy the joy of missing out (JOMO). Focus on what matters to you rather than online content.

Day 5: Get Some Rest

Prioritize sleep by setting a bedtime, keeping your room cool, and avoiding screens before bed.

Week 2: Ask a Question a Day

Day 1: What’s Going Well?

Focus on what’s working well to boost positivity and well-being.

Day 2: How Will This Decision Affect Me?

Consider the short-, medium-, and long-term consequences of your decisions to reduce anxiety.

Day 3: How Am I Feeling Right Now, Really?

Identify and understand your genuine emotions without labeling them as good or bad.

Day 4: What’s Possible Today?

Adapt to daily challenges by asking what’s achievable rather than striving for perfection.

Day 5: What Can I Let Go Of?

Identify and start letting go of negative self-talk or unhealthy relationships.

Week 3: Fuel Your Mood with Food

Day 1: Eat a Day’s Worth of Greens in One Meal

Incorporate two cups of leafy greens, such as spinach or kale, into your diet for mental and physical benefits.

Day 2: Sample the Rainbow

Eat various colorful fruits and vegetables to boost optimism and reduce stress.

Day 3: Dive Into Seafood

Include fatty fish like salmon for omega-3s and vitamin D, which support brain health.

Day 4: Shift Your Snacks

Choose nuts like almonds or walnuts to nourish your brain with essential nutrients.

Day 5: Add Friends

Share meals with friends to enhance mental wellness through social connections.

Week 4: Use These Mind Hacks

Day 1: Embrace Uncertainty

Accepting what you can’t control helps reduce stress and anxiety.

Day 2: Plan for Hurdles

Prepare for daily challenges to stay balanced and resilient.

Day 3: Change Your Language

Reframe negative emotions by noting them as feelings rather than defining yourself by them.

Day 4: Balance Your Negativity with Positivity

Counter negative thoughts with positive ones to improve mental well-being.

Day 5: Be Amazed

Experience awe through nature, art, or inspiring talks to boost creativity and mood.

Mental health impacts how we think, behave, and feel. It’s closely tied to physical health, and nearly everyone faces mental health challenges at some point.

This 30-day plan offers simple daily changes to help reduce stress and anxiety, enhancing mental well-being and resilience.

Copyright 2024.

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